Solving Polynomial Systems Using a Branch and Prune Approach,
To appear in SIAM J. on Numerical Analysis, 1997.
P. Van Hentenryck, D. McAllester and Deepak Kapur
This paper presents Newton, a branch & prune algorithm to find all isolated solutions of a system of polynomial constraints. Newton can be characterized as a global search method which uses intervals for numerical correctness and for pruning the search space early. The pruning in Newton consists in enforcing at each node of the search tree a unique local consistency condition, called box-consistency, which approximates the notion of arc-consistency well-known in artificial intelligence. Box-consistency is parametrized by an interval extension of the constraint and can be instantiated to produce the Hansen-Segupta's narrowing operator (used in interval methods) as well as new operators which are more effective when the computation is far from a solution. Newton has been evaluated on a variety of benchmarks from kinematics, chemistry, combustion, economics, and mechanics. On these benchmarks, it outperforms the interval methods we are aware of and compares well with state-of-the-art continuation methods. Limitations of Newton (e.g., a sensitivity to the size of the initial intervals on some problems) are also discussed. Of particular interest is the mathematical and programming simplicity of the method.
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